Air Temperature

The weather in Russia remained abnormally warm for almost the entire month. The average air temperatures in each of the three decades were above-normal; negative anomalies were observed only during the second one in the south of Siberia, in Kolyma and in Chukotka: frosts in the central regions of Chukotka were as cold as -42 to -48° sometimes. Still, the decade-averaged temperatures exceeded their normal values by 6-10° in the European Territory of Russia, and by 6-12° in the Asian Territory. As a result, the monthly-averaged air temperatures turned out to be higher than normal throughout the country: in fact, 4-8° higher in most of it. New daily temperature maxima were recorded in Central Russia, in the southern areas including the Volgograd and Astrakhan Regions, Krasnodar Territory and the Republic of North Ossetia, as well as in Yakutia where the air warmed up to -4° right in the middle of winter. The average air temperature of February was the sixth highest among those recorded from 1891 to 2020. February 2020 was 1.5° warmer, and was still recognised as the warmest one in Russia. In Central Russia, the monthly-averaged air temperature amounted to +0.4°, positive for the seventh time in 132 years of regular meteorological observations.
Eventually, this winter became the fourth warmest in the meteorological chronicle of Russia; only the winters of 2020, 2016 and 2015 were even warmer. The air temperatures averaged for this winter were higher than normal almost everywhere: by four or more degrees in the south of the ETR, in the Urals, in the south and west of Siberia and the south of the Far East, and by 4-6° or more in the Arctic. The extreme east of Chukotka was the only region where the past winter was somewhat colder than usual.


Air temperature

The New Year 2022 in Russia started with abnormally warm weather in most of the country. In the first decade of January, daily temperature maxima were updated in the Volgograd, Astrakhan and Rostov Regions and the Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories in the south of the ETR, as well as in the South Urals and the south-west of Western Siberia, in Yakutia and in the north-east of the country. In Chukotka, the midwinter air heated up to above 0° sometimes. The air temperature averaged for the first decade exceeded the normal value by 4 to 10 degrees in Kolyma, Chukotka, Kamchatka and the most of ETR; yet, abnormally cold weather prevailed in some other areas at the same time, namely, in the Arctic territories from the Kola Peninsula to Taimyr, in the south of the Far East and in the south-east of Yakutia. There, the temperature anomalies for the first decade were -2…-4°.
Everything changed in the second decade. Arctic colds dashed into Russia, the decade-averaged temperatures almost everywhere from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean measured two to six degrees below the normal values, and anomalous heat survived in the south of Siberia only (in Khakassia, and in the southern regions of Buryatia and of the Irkutsk Region).
In the third decade, heat returned to Russia. All around the country save for its north-east, the decade-averaged temperature anomalies were positive, with up to +10…15° in the north.