The key weather and climate features in the northern hemisphere in July 2016

Air temperature

First, we should remind that in June 2016 was one of the hottest in the history of Russia. In July, the heat continued to increase. Particularly noticeable was the European territory, especially the Russian North. In the south, the air heated to 40°C and more (in Lower Volga and North Caucasus republics), in the north in the Nenets Autonomous District air heated up to + 30°C or more. New maximum temperature was recorded at the Barents Sea to the Black Soil Region and further south to the Crimea, Stavropol, Kuban, Rostov and the Lower Volga regions. In the Russian North last July was the hottest in the history of meteorological observations. There monthly air temperature was exceeded by 4-8°C.

Warmer than usual it was in the Urals (the average temperature for the month has received the third rank among the highest values) and in most parts of Siberia, especially in the area of Lake Baikal, where the thermometer rose to + 35-40°C. In Ulan-Ude was first time was reached the temperature of the + 40°C, the absolute maximum temperature was recorded at the level of + 40.6°C. Record highs were also recorded in Tuva, Turukhansk region and Evenkia. Inhabitants of Yakutia have not got much warm in July. Arctic cold had intruded there quite often, which had led to frost and even new lows in temperature. There are some areas here where the temperature was always below normal during the whole month. In the first and second decades it was quite noticeably - by 2-4°C.

The key weather and climate features in the northern hemisphere in June 2016

Air temperature

In the European part of Russia, especially in the north, the beginning of summer was more like a prolonged spring. The air temperature in the first week was by 2-3°С below the norm. In the Russian North, since 25-degree heat in May, came freeze and record values of minimum air temperature, only at polar stations still were recorded extremely high temperatures. In the second half of the month, the heat returned to the European Russia, in the third decade anomalies exceeded + ... 3 to 5°C. At the end of the month in the Southern Federal District, the air heated almost to + 40°C, in many places across the European territory were set the new daily temperature highs. Nevertheless, the cold start of the month affected the average temperature value. Almost everywhere, it was close to normal or slightly above it.

Quite a different picture was formed in the Urals. In Siberia and in the north of the Far East, almost the whole month was abnormally hot. New highs were repeatedly recorded in Evenkia, Turukhansk region, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District, Omsk, Tomsk and Novosibirsk region, in Kolyma and Chukotka. As a result, there the monthly average temperature exceeded the norm by 3-8°C. Past June was the warmest in the history of meteorological observations in the north of the Far Eastern Federal District, and after June 2012 it was the second warmest in the Siberian Federal District. In the south of the Far East air temperature mainly corresponded to normal.